Al Furqan – The Criterion
Amr ibn Hisham (Arabic: عمرو بن هشام), often known as Abu Jahl (Arabic: أبو جهل), (born 556? — died 17 March 624), was one of the Meccan polytheist pagan Qurayshi leaders known for his critical opposition towards Muhammad the Islamic prophet and the early Muslims in Mecca.
He was brother of Umar Ibn Abi Rabi’ah and the uncle of Umar ibn al-Khattab and one of the arch-enemies of Muhammad and the flag-bearer of opposition towards Islam and the early Muslims. Islam views him as having malevolence and enmity to such an extent that Muhammad gave him the title of “The Pharaoh of this Ummah” Muhammad said, “He who calls Abu Jahl ‘Abu Hakam’ has made a serious mistake. He should seek forgiveness from Allah for this.”