Study: Surah al-Tukathur
Is it makki or madini surah? Abu Hayyan, Iman Suyuti and Shaukani said that this Surah is a Makki surah.
Theme and Subject Matter
It talks about the people who worship the world. It says how all these things that we see as good, benefiting and blessings are nothing but a trial for us.
Translation of Surah al-Tukathur
Your craze for more and more and mutual rivalry for worldly gains has made you heedless, until you reach the graves.
By no means!
Soon you shall know!
Again (note it well) by no means!
Soon you shall know.
Nay! Had you known with certainty of knowledge (the end of this way of life you would never have acted thus).
You shall certainly see Hell.
Again (note it well that) you shall most certainly see it.
Then, on that Day, you shall certainly be called to account for the blessings and comforts of life.
Alhakum is originally from lahv (heedless), but in Arabic this word is used for every occupation which occupies man so completely that he becomes heedless of the more important things in life and his priorities. Therefore, alhakum at-takathur would mean: “Takathur (greed for more and more) has so occupied you that its pursuit has made you heedless of every higher thing in life”. Mankind has such a desire for more and more.
Why does Allah say “until you reach the graves”? It means that once we die and see all of the things that Allah promised in the Hereafter come true in front of our eyes, we will know the truth. We will regret not believing in the things unseen when we can actually see them! Also, because, the first line says “Your craze for more and more and mutual competition for worldly gains has made you heedless”, it explains that we will wake up to reality once all that is taken away from us and we are not distracted anymore. We spend our life in delusions and enjoyments until we die. Basically, that we waste our life away until we are not able to do those things we so enjoyed to the point that we ignored the Truth of this life and the Hereafter.
In the 4 line, it says “By no means! Soon you shall know!”
In the 5th line, it says “Again (note it well) by no means! Soon you shall know!”
It means that we will realize that we were in darkness – bad and evil. We will know the truth about where we were and where we will end up. This is Allah’s promise, that He will definitely reveal the Truth of this life to us and it will come soon…
It says “You shall certainly see Hell. Again, you shall most certainly see it.” It means no matter what, no matter how much we regret, if we didn’t walk right and wake up in the world when we were given the chance, we will surely see the Hellfire. “Then, on that Day, you shall certainly be called to account for the blessings and comforts of life”.
A Hadith regarding this Ayah: it has been reported from the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace): “That the believers and the disbelievers, both will have to account for the blessings granted by Allah. However, the people who did not show ingratitude, but spent their lives as grateful servants of Allah, will come out successful from the accountability, and those who proved thankless to Allah for His blessings and committed ingratitude by word or by deed, or by both; will emerge as failures and be sent to the hell-fire.”
This Surah is very powerful. It helps us to become grounded and to realize that this life will not last forever. Islam is a way of life and it is how we should live our lives. If we do not realize this and train ourselves to be strong and dedicated to Allah and Islam, we may get this world, but we will not get anything good in the Hereafter.
How frightening it will be to wake up in the grave and realize that we have nothing from the Dunya left and no good deeds to help us?!“
The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said: “Three things follow the dead person to his grave, two of which return and one of which remains with him. His family, money and deeds accompany him to the grave, then his family and wealth return and his deeds stay with him.” (Bukhari & Muslim)